“for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases.”
ALEXANDER FLEMING WAS BORN ON AUGUST 6, 1881, AT LOCHfield, in Ayrshire, Scotland. He obtained Ms general education at Loudoun Moor School, Darvel School, Kilmarnock Academy, and the London Polytechnic. Before beginning the study of medicine he worked for four years in a shipping office. He then began his medical education at St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School, University of London. He qualified in 1906 and immediately commenced work in Sir Almroth Wright’s laboratory in St. Mary’s Hospital. He has worked at St. Mary’s ever since, latterly in the Wright- Fleming Institute. He has been professor of bacteriology since 1929. Fleming has published many articles on immunology, general bacteriology, and chemotherapy. His most important papers have dealt with antiseptics, lysozyme (an antibacterial substance discovered in 1922), and penicillin. He has consistently made use of variations of Wright’s technique of the teat and the capillary tube in his studies of human blood. He has Been the recipient of many honorary degrees and prizes and was made Knight Bachelor in 1944.