Howard Walter Florey
“for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases.”
HOWARD WALTER FLOREY WAS BORN ON SEPTEMBER 24, 1898, at Adelaide, South Australia. After attending local schools and Adelaide University (1916-1921), he went to Magdalen College, Oxford, In 1922, as a Rhodes Scholar. He later studied at Cambridge and at the London Hospital, and was Rockefeller Travelling Fellow in the United States, 1925-1926. He became Huddersfield Lecturer in Special Pathology, Cambridge, 1927; professor of pathology, University of Sheffield, 1931; and professor of pathology, Oxford, 1935. In 1935 he Invited Chain to join him at Oxford. In 1941 he was elected Fellow of the Royal Society and in 1944 was made Knight Bachelor. He has received many prizes and honorary degrees. In 1944 he was Nuffield Visiting Professor to Australia and New Zealand. The subjects of his research have Included inflammation, capillary blood circulation, and the functions of the lymphocyte. His work on lysozyme led to a general study of antibiotics, in association with Chain; this in turn led to the discovery of the chemotherapeutlc value of penicillin.